Badger State Trail


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Badger State Trail Facts

States: Wisconsin
Counties: Dane, Green
Length: 40 miles
Trail end points: Southwest Commuter Path just southeast of Lovell Ln & Carling Dr (Madison) and Jane Addams Trail (Orangeville, IL)
Trail surfaces: Asphalt, Crushed Stone
Trail category: Rail-Trail
ID: 6032448

Badger State Trail Description

Rail-trail fans know that Wisconsin’s Elroy-Sparta State Trail is famous for its three tunnels. The Badger State Trail, which heads south from Madison to the Illinois state line (where it connects with the Jane Addams Trail), boasts its own 1,200-foot Stewart Tunnel—with a twist: the Stewart Tunnel is built on a curve, so riders cannot see the other end as they enter the tunnel.

The trail starts in Madison just south of Lovell Lane, where it intersects the Southwest Commuter Path, which heads 5.6 miles from Madison to Fitchburg. Heading south on the Badger State Trail, you’ll quickly cross over an intersection of the Capital City State Trail, a 17-mile route that stretches from Fitchburg to Madison, and the Cannonball Path, a 3.9-mile route from the University of Wisconsin–Madison Arboretum to the Military Ridge State Trail in Fitchburg.

The first 6 miles of the Badger State Trail are paved to Purcell Road, after which the surface gives way to crushed stone. The trail also overlaps the Ice Age Trail for a handful of miles in this part of rural southern Dane County. The Ice Age Trail is a 1,200-mile hiking path across Wisconsin and a National Scenic Trail. The small town of Belleville will greet riders just shy of the 13-mile mark. It’s a quaint historical town where one can see remnants of how the railroad used to go right through the heart of the community.

Approximately 4 miles south of Belleville, riders will find the Stewart Tunnel. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources recommends that all riders walk their bikes through the entirety of the tunnel. Flashlights and light jackets to guard against the dampness are also recommended.

Once you clear the tunnel, it’s only 5 more miles to Monticello. Parking can be found a couple hundred yards to the right of the trail on Pratt Road. Here the trail also connects to the Sugar River State Trail.

The next 5 miles run through wooded areas and farm fields—with rolling hills and several nice creeks and bridges along the way—to the small farming town of Stearns, after which it’s only a few more miles to Monroe. The seat of Green County (population 10,000), Monroe is home to the famous Swiss Colony gourmet food company and is also known as the “Swiss Cheese Capital of the USA.”

Just a few blocks west of Badger State Trail, on West 21st Street, you’ll find the eastern terminus for the Cheese Country Recreation Trail, a 47-mile route that heads west and then north to Mineral Point.

The final few miles of trail takes you to Clarno, the last town in the state of Wisconsin, where you’ll find a few businesses. From there, it’s just a short ride to the Illinois state line and Wuetrich Road, where you can pick up the 14.8-mile Jane Addams Trail to Freeport, Illinois.

NOTE: A State Trail Pass ($25 annually/$5 daily) is required for bicyclists and in-line skaters ages 16 and older. For information, visit the Wisconsin DNR website. Snowmobiling is permitted from Purcell Road to the Illinois state line. Winter ATV use is permitted, but UTVs are prohibited. Snowmobilers and ATV/UTV users must display either a Wisconsin registration or an ATV/UTV or snowmobile State Trail Pass.

Parking and Trail Access

Parking is located at multiple points along the route. Parking near the northern endpoint is available at Dawley Conservancy in Fitchburg—which also serves as the western trailhead for the Capital City State Trail. The southern endpoint is just over 8 miles south along the trail at Wuetrich Road and the Wisconsin–Illinois state line, which is also the northern terminus for the Jane Addams Trail. Visit the TrailLink map for all options and detailed directions.

Badger State Trail Reviews

Beautiful trail

I’ve ridden this trail several times. It’s well kept. Most of it is shady and fairly flat.

Trail Open North of Monroe

I've contacted the Wisconsin DNR and received this update on the Monroe closure:

"Tracy – Thank you for your interest in the Badger State Trail. The Badger State Trail is fully open from north of Monroe, with only one detour around the tunnel near Belleville.

Last year a bridge was damaged and we were forced to close a section of the Badger State Trail due to this. This bridge has been removed and an at grade crossing installed. This was likely the area they were mentioning in the trail review."

Costs money with Portions closed

This trail was great in 2019 and before. It has drastically gone downhill in the years since. Portions of the trail close and stay closed for years. Yes years. The tunnel shut down around 2019/2020 and has not reopened since that. The trail closed north of Monroe and the route around it just absolute trash and completely unsafe. If I am riding on a trail I don't want to take a 5+ mile detour along a 55 mph highway with little to no shoulder. The trails are rarely groomed as well. Be ready for tall grasses. Like I said, this trail used to be amazing, but Wisconsin still charges for it and completely lacks any effort when it comes to maintenance. Disappointing.

Nice trail, but…

I rode the whole trail today on my way from Madison to Freeport, Illinois. The trail was great except for two closures. The first one, north of Monticello, must have included the bragged-about tunnel, since I never saw it. This closure was well-marked with bike detour signs. The second closure, just north of Monroe, was marked with a sign that says, “find alternate route.” I chose to ride west here to Highway 69, which was had cars whizzing by at 65. I don’t know why, on a State trail, Wisconsin doesn’t immediately fix this two closures, especially when they want to charge you to use it.


Monroe Wi toward Monticello

Beautiful ride on the trail. There was a bridge out and we had to take a detour onto country roads, but it was a quiet ride. Trails were great! Mix of sunshine and open air to cooler rides in the trees. Did not make it to Monticello…but next time!

Could WI possible have the rest paved?

This is a beautiful trail; one of my favorites because of the length. It is hard to road bike safely anymore due to unsafe drivers and eroding bike lanes into the shoulder due to our lovely WI winters. However, I believe this trail would get much more attention if it was paved the entire length. It would be the perfect day ride for road bikers and businesses would benefit from people buying refreshments during their rides. Gravel bikers tend not to go as long, but road bikers like to get in the distance.

Badger Trail much improved from the last several years.

I have had some rough riding over the years with rarely cut grass. This year the DNR has shifted gears and improved this trail a lot. The best I've rode in several years. Jane Adams hooks up to the Badger at the State line. Ruts and holes have really been worked on. And weeds cut as best as they can keep up with it. I have ridden this trail many times this year.
Excellent job, DNR. Keep it up. I have also seen more people walking, jogging and riding this and the Sugar Trails this year since I started in 1986 riding.

We enjoyed writing on this trail as a family. The tunnels are closed, because there were rocks falling from the ceiling (We ran into one of the employees who monitors the trails).

We enjoyed writing on this trail as a family. The tunnels are closed, because there were rocks falling from the ceiling (We ran into one of the employees who monitors the trails).


Rode from Monroe to Monticello, and then to the Stewart Tunnel. Was told the tunnel was closed, but not monitored, so we could still ride thru. Not the case, tunnel entrance was gated and locked - disappointing. The trail itself had some pretty scenery but is not well maintained or mowed.

The Stewart Tunnel is closed off because it is structurally unsafe. It is also posted on The Friends Of The Suagar and Badger State Trails Website.

The Stewart Tunnel is closed off because it is structurally unsafe. It is also posted on The Friends Of The Suagar and Badger State Trails Website. For more current information see link to the WDNR website and Stewart Tunnel will likely not be open for the remainder of 2020. For more current information see link to the WDNR website and Stewart Tunnel will likely not be open for the remainder of 2020.

Go for the tunnel

Met some nice people on my trek here. The tunnel was closed but we were still able to go thru. Not sure why it is closed. Scenic trail with dirt gravel terrain. Goes thru a couple towns and can connect to other trails.

tunnel currently closed

we started in Belleville at library park and went south, hoping to go to tunnel and turn around. tunnel and path were closed off after 3.4 miles - there was a detour around on roads but I had kids with me and wanted to stay on the path so we just returned to Belleville. Beautiful path.

Great Trail

This was a easy to ride trail .

Surgery River Trail

Rode the SRT from Broadhead to New Glarus on Friday 10/25. Great scenic trail but some maintenance is needed, passed four down trees blocking the trail. Also some holes made by some critters you would not want to hit. Most of the mile markers were gone.

Badger State needs attention

We got on the trail at Lacy Street in Verona/Fitchburg WI. The trail was paved and in great shape at that point. Cyclists were using it as a commuter trail and there were several people out walking and running. The trail turned into non-paved surface and that is where we dismounted to pay the fee of $5. Oh my, what can I say. The trail is NOT crushed limestone. At places it appeared to be an abandoned trail except for the path made by a bicycle tire. It was a muddy, sticky mess. I had checked ahead of time and found out the Stewart Tunnel was closed, which saved us back tracking since there wasn't a sign indicating the tunnel was closed. We detoured onto Tunnel Rd and took various paved roads into New Glarus. The best part of the trail was the Monroe WI segment. There was a detour off of the trail as we were coming into town. Very good signage directing us through the road construction area. There was a very nice trailhead with a drinking fountain and restrooms as you came into town from the north. We continued to the downtown area and decided to take a break and headed to the Dairy Queen by exiting the trail at 5th Street and riding to 8th Street. It was a challenge to cross the street but it was during lunch hour. As we headed out of Monroe there was an area of very loose gravel vs crushed limestone. An inexperienced rider might have wrecked. The rest of the trail was not maintained until it connected with the Jane Adams Trail. It was is good shape into Freeport IL.

Unkept, unmowed, worst I've rode since 1986

I've been riding this and Sugar River Trails since 1986. I purchase the trail passes every year. This year, I have had to crawl over and under trees. The weeds have been so high, all kinds of wild grass brushes against your legs to your knees.
Jane Adams trail is perfect. The first foot onto the Badger, north of Orangeville is really unenjoyable hell. It has not been mowed regularly, so I can't tell you if and when they mow it. But it's no fun. I called and left a message at the local DNR office responsible. Let's see what happens.

Beautiful vistas and rolling hills!

Had the pleasure to ride this trail from the Sugar River Trail junction to Monroe, returning North to the Stewart Tunnel, then returning to New Glarus. The section we rode was compact dirt but very smooth as we turned off the Sugar River trail headed to Monroe. Grass was not cut in this section of trail and 2 tire tracks make up most of the trail. Gentle uphill most the distance to Monroe. There is a detour entering Monroe that is well marked with signage and only several blocks on road before rejoining the trail. You'll appreciate the gentle downhill as you depart Monroe headed back North. We rode through the Stewart Tunnel which made the gentle uphill trek as you approach the tunnel worth while. Once past the tunnel we rode county roads back to the Sugar River Trail to take us back to New Glarus. I cannot attest to the condition of the trail outside of the 20 mile section we rode but recommend this trail for those who are looking for the casual ride and to enjoy the beautiful scenery Wisconsin has to offer!

bager state trail

Rode south out of fitchburg. About 5-6 miles south this turns into a limestone path. I rode it in november so maybe its better in the summer but its no skinny tire road bike route. Was nice until then.

badger sate trail

Rode madison to New Glarus, no probs

Not a good recumbent trike trail

Just rode this trail from Monroe to just past the tunnel and back. The trail was considerably overgrow on the sides and in the center in many areas. Spent the majority of the ride with 2 tires in the weeds. The tunnel is the best part of the ride. There are a few good pastoral views although mostly blocked by the dense undergrowth. Also, watch out for screws sticking out on the bridges where snowmobile travel has done some damage.


I rode from the IL state line north to the Stewart Tunnel and back. There were enough ruts, gopher holes and sandy spots that it was hard to enjoy the scenery. As soon as I'd get comfortable I'd hit one of those things. There were also a couple of trees down south of Monroe. North of Monroe was better in terms of sand and ruts, but most of the bridges had broken planks that had to be avoided. The Stewart Tunnel had a lot of graffiti, something I didn't see in any of the tunnels on the Elroy-Sparta Trail. Overall I was left wondering why anyone would pay the trail fee to ride this trail. It will probably be a long time before I return.

Trail maintenance lacking, but still a good ride.

I rode a round trip from Monticello to Monroe and back last weekend, and was surprised that the trail was so overgrown. It was just two tire tracks among the weeds, not the hard-packed gravel trail I can experienced before. Also, there was no obvious place to get a trail pass in Monticello, and there was no trail ranger in sight. (Budget cutbacks? ). It was still a great ride in a picturesque part of the state, and Monroe's town square is an excellent place for a mid-ride lunch.

Enjoyable Ride

Very pleasant ride on well kept trail from Monroe south to Clarno. Shady trail with some openings to view very pleasing pastoral setting in the country. Connected to Jane Addams trail at state line and continued south to Orangeville, IL. Returned to Monroe and visited the brewery/distillery/winery.

Beautiful and fun

I love this trail which takes you through scenic farmland and some small towns. My favorite circuit is going from my house in Fitchburg down to the Stewart Tunnel south of Belleville. A good 35 mile ride.

Be prepared for crushed limestone. I find the going to be pretty slow once I hit that and there are some holes (a few rather large) to watch out for. Otherwise it's in decent shape.

Nice ride!

We rode a portion of this trail on July 3, 2016. We hopped on near New Glarus and rode roundtrip to Belleville which included the tunnel. The trail was flat and lovely with trees and farmland. We walked through the cave which is about 1/4 mile long. It IS dark so be sure to have lights. It's also nice and cool in there with just a little bit of dripping. I had really wanted to do the tunnel and am glad we did.

Flat Weekend Trip

We started in Freeport, IL and bike the Badger State Trail from the Illinois/Wisconsin State line to Madison. Although most of the view was the path lined with trees or farmland, the trail itself was nicely kept. Even with a little rain to start the trip, the trail was nicely packed crushed limestone most of the way, but you could tell it was kept up and most of the weeds along the side had been killed off recently, and it was wide enough for a 2 bikes side by side the whole way. There were a few holes where gophers had dug into the trail, but all of the bridges and crossroads were nicely marked. With the trail being an old railway, the grade was nice and even all the way to Madison. About 6 miles out of Madison, the gravel turned to pavement, and the trail traffic picked up. If you are planning on meeting up with another trail closer to Madison, be aware of your surroundings and roads that come close or you may miss your interchange. All in all, I would recommend this trail to any of my friends.

Enjoyable ride

Rode from Monroe to Monticello in mid July. Enjoyable ride through farm land. Foliage along the trail keeps it cooler on hot summer days.

A gem

A tunnel, vistas, all the way to the IL line

Labor day ride

We came from the Jane Addams trail which was very nice and beautiful scenery. I was not impressed with the badger trail that we took to New Glarus. There we big potholes, mushy ground and it didn't appear this trail was groomed at all. We had a great trip and will use this trail again. But be careful and watch for all the potholes.

Skip This Odyssey To Bordom

About 37 miles out of the 40 miles are in weed choked, scrub woods (vine covered buckthorn). Pleasant enough but you will be weary of it, trust me. Stewart Tunnel and two bridges crossing the small Sugar River are the only breaks in the monotony. You can take Tunnel Hill Road so you don't have to go through the tunnel if you don't like dark places. It's a hill with about a seventy foot vertical climb, but you'll get sometime the trail lacks, picturesque views, and you'll have a rewarding downhill run if biking.

If you're looking to hear birdsong, see wildlife and wild flowers you're out of luck. The narrow corridor of the woods and invasive flora are my guess critters and color are in short supply. South of Stewart Tunnel and north of Belleville you'll find some relief as the trail goes through marsh and you'll see some birds in the summer (blackbirds, finches, sparrows, maybe Sandhill Cranes if you're living right).

MAJOR WARNINGS. Hunting is permitted within a couple of feet of all state trails. Find out the various hunting seasons and don't even think about using the trail. I've seen at least one rifle hunter in a stand shooting directly into the thick cover of the trail where he couldn't see trail users. Trapping I believe is also permitted so I wouldn't advise stepping in the weeds running along the trail. The paved portion near Madison has a plethora of Lance Armstrongs often paying little attention to other trail users, i.e. jerks. You will have to make quick decisions to stop or get off the trail when an oncoming racer is passing someone and is headed right at you on your side of the trail.

The trail is poorly maintained. As old as the trail is the DNR should know by now the problem prone washout areas in the gravel portion and pave those short segments. Go too fast cycling and you'll go rump over teakettle when your wheels burrow in when the gravel suddenly becomes sand. I saw at least two widow maker trees almost at head height that I was uncomfortable going under. The trail sides are not mowed so you'll find a few thistles leaning over into the trail, this is mainly in the paved area.

The trail is mainly crushed limestone so you'll have the unpleasant task of cleaning grit from your chain and gears if you bike it.

There is only one place on the trail to get water. It's in Monroe and it's turned off during the cold months. You can get water by going into Belleville parks, but they're turned of in cold months, too.

In summation, skip this sleeper.

Be careful!

I ride parts of this trail often. The northern stretch between Madison and Purcell Rd is paved and in great shape. Between Belleville and Monroe, is a different story. Just south of Belleville there are a lot of soft, sandy spots in need of repair. Just north of Monroe, there's a stretch about 10-20 yards long where the trail is like a big sandbox. It's barely navigable. A sign warning of loose sand would have been nice, and I hope it can be fixed soon. The trail goes through some pretty countryside, and it would be a shame to see it degrade.

Great Ride

Got on the Badger State Trail north of Belleville and biked to Monticello where I joined the Sugar River Trail to Albany. The Badger showed signs of earlier flood damage with new gravel having been applied to roadbed. Though still a little rough in places, I enjoyed my ride on this beautiful trail.


Started on the Jane Adams in Orangeville and as soon as you hit the Wisconsin line it falls apart quickly. Only went to the Stewart tunnel which is THE only good thing about this trail, really cool to see the size of this thing. Absolutely need flash light or head light because it's pitch black inside. No restrooms anywhere on the trail so you ladies are going to hate it for sure. Not sure what the $4 sticker fee goes for but the trail doesn't see it. This trail is very rough and dirty, might as well ride on a gravel road.

Trail is very rough this spring.

The section of the trail from Purcell road, south to Monticello has been rendered nearly unrideable due to maintenance performed early this spring. It appears that a large tractor was used to cut brush along the trail while the gravel surface was still soft and wet leaving large tractor tread marks along both sides of the trail. Hopefully the DNR will grade the trail sometime soon to smooth the surface out. Meanwhile exercise caution while riding.

Freeport to Camp Randle Stadium

In June, I finished the Wisconsin sections of the Badger State Trail. I have now biked the entire length from Freeport (Illinois) to Madison, Wisc. (Camp Randle Stadium) 56 miles. The Illinois section is called the Jane Adams Trail. The trail leads through rural Illinois and Wisconsin and is very peaceful. The tunnel, located near Belleville, Wisc., is in great shape. You need a light source if you plan on traveling through it. I did the trail in three sections. The majority of the trail is crushed rock and changes to blacktop when entering Dane county. Madison and surrounding towns have done an outstanding job on that portion of the trial.

Tunnel is definitely the highlight

I have read about a number of trails with tunnels in Wisconsin, but between the fee and the logistics, we always decided to ride closer to home. However, we found a good hotel deal in Madison over labor day weekend, and so we loaded up the kids and the bikes and set out for the Badger State Trail.

We drove to Monticello, approaching the town crossing both the Badger State Trail and the Sugar River Trail where they are mere feet apart. We went to the grocery in town to enquire about getting trail passes. The friendly folks in the store said that, though they once had them, they no longer had any for sale and they had no idea where we might find them. They also kindly directed us to the nearest trailhead. We elected to bike without the passes, deciding that it would be better to seek the mercy of the authorities than to continue to drive around seeking passes. The trail wound pleasantly through farm fields, although some of the road crossings looked as if a car could come up suddenly when we were trying to cross the kids.

Finally, the trail began to rise above the fields and trees below, indicating that the tunnel was close. There was a crowd milling around the tunnel, with some teenagers perched precariously about the entrance to the tunnel, giving my kids some unwanted inspiration. We made it through the crowd into the tunnel and confirmed everything we read about how dark this tunnel is. It was disorienting, even with a flashlight, but the kids loved it.

We went about a mile past the tunnel when it appeared that a storm might blow up, and so we turned around. Our second pass through the tunnel went more smoothly, without the crowd and with my kids feeling more confident from having made it through before. Fortunately, we made it back to the car before it began to rain.

Our drive to Madison paralleled the path. We stopped in Belleview to allow the kids to enjoy the nice playground, but it looked like much of the rest of the trail was on a raised roadbed next to the highway. While we enjoyed the tunnel (and previous experience with the Jane Addams Trail), I don't expect I'll be doing much more of this trail anytime soon.

A Great Tunnel

For a fun ride with the family, start in Monticello. Go north through the tunnel to Belleville, and then return.
BUT!!! Take a detour on your return trip south and take a right onto Tunnel road instead of going through the tunnel. It will take you up and over the hill and provide beautiful views of the area. Then it will sweep you back down to the south of the tunnel and cross the trail again, where you re-join it.
(Do not do this in reverse. The uphill on Tunnel road is brutal from the south.)

The curved tunnel is great! More fun then the Elroy-Sparta ones because when you get in the middle you can't see the light at the end in either direction.


Monroe to Monticello

I had trouble getting a pass in Monroe, the Garden Deli was out and there was no pen at the station at the trail head. From Monroe to Monticello was not worth the price of the pass, there is little shade and no benches to take a break at. There was construction in downtown Monticello so there was no where to get a sandwich or ice cream even though there was a sign on the trail saying there was. I prefer the Jane Addams trail over this part of the Badger trail by far - it is wider, shadier, well maintained, full of benches and free. 8-29-10.

Monroe to Ill

I rode this trail from Monroe south connecting to the Jane Addams trail in Illinois. Not much to recommend here. The Jane Addams is in much better shape, wider, AND NO FEES. Basic trail maint could be alot better. Like trimming up overhanging trees and mowing the shoulders of the trail. The mowing would help reduce the bugs (very buggy) also weeds jut out into the trail alot. Also there was a big washout about 20 feet of the trail was effected clean across the trail. It was fixed sort of, well at least they didn't use duct tape. With all the trails in the area I would go elsewhere. Maybe it is better riding north it is better?

More on Trailhead

"You can take the Southwest Trail southwest from the university area through the west side and across the beltline and behind Home Depot and Cub Foods. Where it intersects with the Capital City Trail, don't go down the hill but keep left to cross the railroad bridge over the Capital City Trail. It will eventually merge into Seminole about a half mile before it intersects with Whalen Road. I thought it had stopped there, but the Milwaukee Map Company map shows it crossing Seminole at a sharp angle. Otherwise, catch up with it again on Whalen, as described in the previous post."

Madison Trail Head

"This fall, work has continued on the trail. I have traveled on about 10 miles of the trail, even in its current unfinished state, and enjoyed it greatly. From Madison, the easiest way to find the trail is to head south on Seminole Highway in Fitchburg until it dead ends at Whalen Road and take a left (East). The trail starts on Whalen Road heading south about 100 yards from the intersection. The only parking is along the side of the road. The first mile is overgrown but bridges are completed over the small streams. After you cross Adams Road, the trail is cleared with light gravel for footing. The trail heads south towards Belleville. There are beautiful bridges, outlooks, and gentle rolling hills that makes for a most enjoyable travel. I am looking forward to the trail being officially openned. "

Long Wait

I have been on the IL section of the trail from Orangeville IL South. This section has been competed for about 3 years. The trail north to Madison has been slow in developing. It will interconnect with the existing Sugar River Trail that runs from New Glarus to Brodhead.

Will be cool when finished

"After reading about this proposed new trail, I set out to see the tunnel from the Sugar River Trail. After a little exploring I found it. It is very dark and requires a flashlight to explore. In the center the inner brick lining has partially collapsed from water damage. Other than that it is an easy walk through with a light. There is alot of graffiti from local kids on the walls. And it is a very bumpy ride into the tunnel area from the nearest road."

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